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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs)

FASDs refer to a collection of diagnoses that represent the range of effects that can happen to a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. These conditions can affect each person in different ways, and can range from mild to severe.

A person with an FASD might have:

  • Low body weight

  • Poor coordination

  • Hyperactive behavior

  • Difficulty with attention

  • Poor memory

  • Difficulty in school (especially with math)

  • Learning disabilities

  • Speech and language delays

  • Intellectual disability or low IQ

  • Poor reasoning and judgment skills

  • Sleep and sucking problems as a baby

  • Vision or hearing problems

  • Problems with the heart, kidneys, or bones

  • Shorter-than-average height

  • Small head size

  • Abnormal facial features, such as a smooth ridge between the nose and upper lip (this ridge is called the philtrum)

FASDs are believed to be the most under-or misdiagnosed disability in the United States. Experts believe that 1 in 20 children may have some type of FASD. Many children who has undiagnosed FASDs are diagnosed with Autism, ADHD, or other standard childhood diagnosis. 

At Pono Roots, we understand the issues and challenges brought about through FASDs.  We know the challenges and hardships that come from loving and  raising a child or teen with FASDs. We understand the frustration that comes from having a child who is misunderstood, or bullied. 

Our approach to FASDs focuses primarily on parent support, psycho-education, and offering tips and tools for how to advocate for your child out in the world. We may also opt for direct treatment of younger children, preteens teens, or young adults. It is important to remember that FASD is a permanent brain disability and that the best methods of working with this challenge, involve accommodation and understanding. 

We welcome all clients, and especially families who believe their child may have an undiagnosed FASD and we will do our best to support and work with you.

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